LESSON NOTES MENU
Algebra I / Elem. Algebra
Introduction to Algebra Linear Equations and Inequalities Functions and Graphs I Lines and thier Graphs Linear Systems
Algebra II / E&I Algebra
Exponents & Polynomials Intermediate Algebra starts here!

Factoring Rational Expressions Rational Equations and Applications
Algebra III / Inter. Algebra
Radical Expressions Nonlinear Equations and Applications Functions and Graphs II Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
College Algebra
Equations and Inequalitites Functions and Graphs Polynomial and Rational Functions Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Systems and Matrices Geometry Basics Conic Sections Sequences and Series
Trigonometry
The Six Trigonometric Functions Right Triangle Trigonometry Circular Functions Graphs of Trigonometric Functions Trigonometric Identities Trigonometric Equations Oblique Triangles and the Laws Vectors Complex, Parametric, and Polar Forms
Calculus I
Limits and Continuity Derivatives Analysis of Curves Antiderivatives
Calculus II
Transcendental Functions
Geometry Physics Integration Techniques Calculus of Infinity Parametric, Polar, and Conic Curves
Calculus III
Calculus IV
15.Functions of Several Variables
16.Multiple Integration
17.Vector Analysis

Course: Trigonometry
Topic: Right Triangle Trigonometry
Subtopic: soh-cah-toa Definition

Overview

We previously defined the six trig functions in terms of x, y, and r. In this lesson we redefine them using slightly different terminology. "soh-cah-toa" is an easy way to remember the ratios that define the three main trig functions. Think of "o" as the side opposite the angle, "a" as the side adjacent to the angle, and h as the hypotentuse. Then soh-cah-toa means sine = opposite over hypotenuse, cosine = adjacent over hypotenuse, and tangent = opposite over adjacent.

Objectives

By the end of this topic you should know and be prepared to be tested on:

• 2.1.1 Use the soh-cah-toa definition to find the six trig functions of a given angle
• 2.1.2 Evaluate the six trig functions at common angles
• 2.1.3 Know by memory the sine, cosine, and tangent of 30°, 45°, and 60°
• 2.1.4 Evaluate the three cofunctions using the cofunction theorem

Terminology

Define: cofunction

Memorize the soh-cah-toa definitions of the first three trig functions: Memorize the "special" values mentioned in objective 2.1.3 above: Know how to use the cofunction theorem: Supplemental Resources (optional)

Videos from James Sousa's MathIsPower4U:
Mini-Lessons:
Introduction to Trigonometric Functions Using Triangles
30-60-90 and 45-45-90 Reference Triangles
Solving 30-60-90 and 45-45-90 Right Triangles
Examples:
Solve a 30-60-90 Triangle
Solve a 45-45-90 Right Triangle